Generally the child in traction is hospitalized under well-taken care of right-handers of the nurses who on the basis of plan the cares of nursing of individualizada form the knowledge on the correct treatment for traction. The evaluation of the therapeutical effect and the possible complications is of great importance accomplishment of the assistance satisfactory of the patient. It is necessary that the nurse explains the child what is happening and the importance of in agreement treatment the agreement level, the child when displayed to a treatment for traction for the first time, feels discomfort, what common he must to the push of the traction that tires the muscle (WONG, 1999). According to Nanda (2010, p.375) disgnostic of nursing ' ' acute pain related the harmful agents; evidenced for stories verbais' ' The patient, and if necessary must itself be calmed to use analgesics pra to alliviate pains (SMELTZER; BARE, 2004). As Nanda, (2010, p.149) ' ' related harmed physical mobility with musculoesquelticos damages, evidenced for difficulty to capsize-se.' ' It is of great importance to stimulate the movement of the muscles and the joints that are not under traction, having itself to guarantee the effectiveness of traction (SMELTZER; BARE, 2004). In agreement Nanda, (2010, P. 264) ' ' related anxiety change in the state of health evidenced for tension facial.' ' The nurse must inform to the patient on the procedures to be carried through and encourages to interact it in the inherent decisions to its welfare, and also carrying through frequent visits to diminish tension (SMELTZER; BARE, 2004). 2.4. AMPUTATION the amputation is the removal accidental (traumatic) or programmed (surgical) of a member. This removal can be the congenital consequence of a trauma, disfunes or patologias as: tumors, peripheral vascular illness and etc. The surgeries of amputation of the extremity superior more common are of fingers, hands and arms and of the inferior extremities are foot and ankle, below of the knee, disarticulation of the knee and thigh, disarticulation of the hip and knee, hemipelvectomia (removed surgical of half of pelve) and to translombar.

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