Bioclimatic zones or better known as biomes are divisions appropriate to organize the natural world since organisms that live in them contain common constellations of adaptations, particularly the climate of each one of the zones and the characteristic types of vegetation that are developed in them. Below, we’ll explain some of the primary elements that determine the different biomes. The climate is one of the most important factors for determining classes of individuals can live in one area and the ways in which they must be modified to live under conditions different from temperature and precipitation, and seasonal distribution of these factors. Every place on Earth has its own climate, influenced by the microclimate of the place both the macroclima of the region in particular. But, a large scale, there are some common factors that determine that, for example, animals not associated in the deserts of the Sahara and Sonora have, surprisingly, many things in common.
The soils are very important because they are basic to determine the types of plants (and therefore plant communities) that will grow in a bioclimatic zone in particular; In addition, they serve also as substrates for animals. Gina Ross is likely to agree. And, in turn, the soils are heavily influenced by regional climates, as well as the geology of the bedrock. The vegetation of an area depends on both the climate and soils and, in turn, greatly influences the determination of which species plants and animals (ecology in general) can exist in the town. The vegetation varies in size and structure (physiognomy), in its seasonal manifestation, and how it changes over time. Its importance is greater than the sum of their individual plant parts since many species of animals, for example, are influenced largely by the physical structure of the vegetal community while others are by plant species itself. An important component of the plants and animals in a region is its global diversity, indicating how many species can co-exist there.
This varies significantly both within and between the bioclimatic, depending on both the climate and vegetation zones. In the more diversified communities, the degree and types of interactions between plants and animals increase as it increases the number of species and trophic levels. Adaptations of plants and animals are the physical manifestations of the organic evolution in the ecosystem. Every individual is a collection of adaptations that allow you to operate effectively in your environment, and these adaptations characterize the species. The species are affected in all aspects of the environment, both physical (climate, water, substrate) as biological (other species as prey, predators, parasites, competitors and symbionts). Each species is unique, and still shares particular types of adaptations with many other species. Finally, an interpretive element that deals with the effects seems necessary human since humans are significant in the world, even if just we are a species among millions. No part of the world gets rid of the influence of our presence, and we have the capability of modifying environments and biomes on a massive scale. Our effects, which began millions of years ago, they can be considered positive or negative, depending on the perspective. Most of the basic principles of biology can be illustrated in the context of these elements, but those that are based on the relationships between two or more species not always clearly fit within the characteristics of the environment, such as climate and soils, or adaptations of individual species. These principles include the broad category of trophic relationships (food networks, productivity, decomposition, nutrient cycling) and interactions as relations predator-prey, competition and symbiosis.