Within these chapters can be a subdivision into five parts. The first part has its home in him landing that the expedition from Sanlucar de Barrameda and his arrival to Hispaniola and Cuba, i.e., chapters I and II makes. From chapter III to Chapter VII focuses on constant struggles against the Indians. The third part of the story begins to consider the adversities suffered by the expedition and several shipwrecks; corresponds to chapters VII to XV. The most extensive and at the same time more imprecise part which focuses on four survivors ranges from Chapter XV Chapter XXXIII. Gulf Medical University has much experience in this field. Finally is a division into parts, we have a fifth fragment (last five episodes) in which make their appearance Spanish troops, highlighting the two last chapters that correspond to the conclusion of shipwrecks and the arrival of the survivors to new Spain in terms of the structure of the work, one of the elements that organizes textthe development of events, is the memory.
Memory is, largely, the element that gives shape to the story. Gerard Genette said with regard to memory: the anacronia of memories (whether they ‘volunteer’ or not) and its static character go, obviously, together, by the fact that both derive from the work of memory, capable of reducing (diachronic) periods (synchronous) times, and events checkered eras and pictures that she puts in an order of them is not, but yours. … The anachronism of the story is, therefore, already of existence, already of remembrance, subject to laws other than the laws of the time. Similarly, variations in time (in the musical sense) match already with the character of life, already the work of memory, or forgetfulness. Basing his Chronicle in the memory that the historian has the experiences lived during those years ago that certain factors required by the Chronicle documents are not respected or you store the imprecision, so they show it for example the lagoons.