The pulmonary tuberculosis is an illness infectious and contagious with progressions that reach in general, first the pulmes, consequentemente other agencies or symptoms, as treated to correct and efficient way. The nurse as educator has a paper important and main in the cares and orientaes with the tuberculosis carrier, helping to prevent it or to attenuate greaters damages that can come to happen and the familiar ones the same, stimulating the importance and adhesion to the treatment. The tuberculosis continues being a world-wide problem of public health, increasing each time more the mortality taxes and morbidade infectando approximately one tero of the population of the world, remaining as main cause of death, enters the HIV carriers? positives (SMELTZER and BARE 2006). The general objective of this work is to analyze and to understand the pulmonary tuberculosis as a transmissible, infectious illness, that it needs cares having as main person who orientates the nurse. Having as objective specific, to identify to the essential cares to the tuberculosis carrier, showing the importance of the treatment and its complications, thus it can provide one better quality of life. The importance of if choosing this subject involve the tuberculosis as an eminently social and important illness for public health so that if it can obtain its control, diminishing the risk factors, therefore the knowledge of the same one facilitates one better Prophylaxis. According to Health department 2003, ‘ ‘ Brazil declared the control of the tuberculosis as a national priority surrounds 65 infectados million approximately 80 a thousand people adoecem to each year, incidence of 39 cases for 100 a thousand inhabitants and about five a thousand deaths per year. The research methodology is of quantitative nature, being made through identification and collection of books and authors, searching positioning for better recital of the carried through bibliographical research, that argues the thematic pulmonary tuberculosis and the importance of the nurse while educator..